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Example academic essay

Example academic essay: The Death Penalty. This essay shows many features that are important commonly come in essays.

Should the death penalty be restored in the UK?

The restoration associated with death penalty for serious crimes is a problem of debate in the UK due to the recent rise in violent crime. The reasons, effects and approaches to the problems of violent crime throw up a number of complex issues which are further complicated in addition that crime is reported. Newspapers often sensationalise crime in order to increase circulation and this makes discussion that is objective difficult. This essay will firstly examine this topic by considering the arguments put forward by those in favour regarding the death penalty after which by taking a look at the arguments in opposition to the concept.

The main arguments in preference of restoring the death penalty are those of deterrence and retribution: the theory is the fact that people will be dissuaded from violent crime that they gave out to others if they know they will face the ultimate punishment and that people should face the same treatment. Statistics show that when the death penalty was temporarily withdrawn in Britain between 1965 and 1969 the murder rate increased by 125% (Clark, 2005). However, we need to look at the possibility that other reasons might have lead to this rise. Amnesty International (1996) claims that it is impossible to prove that capital punishment is a greater deterrent than being given a life sentence in prison and that “evidence….gives no support towards the evidence hypothesis theory.” It seems at best that the deterrence theory is yet to be proven. The idea of ‘retribution’ is an appealing log in one: there is certainly a appeal that is basic the easy phrase ‘the punishment should fit the crime’. Calder (2003) neatly summarises this argument as he says that killers give up their rights when they kill and that if punishments are too lenient then it indicates that we undervalue the ability to live. There are some other points too in support of the death penalty, one of these brilliant being cost. It is obviously far cheaper to execute prisoners promply rather than feed and house them for years at a time.

The arguments against the death penalty are mainly ethical in their nature, it sends out the wrong message to the rest of the country that it is basically wrong to kill and that when the state kills. Webber (2005) claims that the death penalty makes people genuinely believe that ‘killing people is morally permissable’. This really is an argument that is interesting would you teach children not to ever hit by hitting them? Wouldn’t this instead demonstrate to them that hitting was indeed ‘permissable’? There is also the reality that you may execute innocent people. Innocent people can invariably be released from prison, however they can’t ever be brought back from the dead. When anyone have been killed there’s no chance of rehabilitation or criminals trying to make up for crimes. For this good reason capital punishment has been called ‘the bluntest of blunt instruments’ (Clark, 2005).

To conclude, the arguments put forward by individuals who support or are against the death penalty often reflect their deeper principles and beliefs. These beliefs and principles are deeply rooted in life experiences in addition to way people are brought up and they are unlikely to be swayed by clever arguments. It is interesting that in this country many people are in favour of the death penalty yet parliament continues to oppose it. In this situation it may be argued that parliament is in the lead in upholding human rights and continues to broadcast the message that is clear killing is definitely wrong.

You should be in a position to note that this essay is made of:

An introduction in three parts:
1. A sentence saying why this issue is relevant and interesting.
2. A sentence (or two) mentioning the problems and issues active in the topic.
3. An outline of this essay.

Main paragraphs with:
1. An interest sentence which provides a main idea/argument which informs us what your whole paragraph is approximately.
2. Evidence from outside sources which offer the argument(s) put forward into the sentence that is topic.
3. Some input that is personal the author analysing the points put forward within the topic sentence and the outside sources.

A conclusion:
Summarises the points that are main gives a remedy to the question.